Future Farming Field Robots Catalogue

Welcome to the online version of the first global catalogue of autonomous fields robots with the latest models from 2021. Various suppliers and manufactures will tell you everything you need to know about these models!
We offer you an overview of field and harvest robots that are on the market for sale or to be leased.

A message for suppliers and manufacturers of robots
Do you have a new field robot that is ready for the market? Please let us know and we will immediately include your robot in our online catalogs. You can also notify us of changes to specifications or prices in the robots already mentioned in the catalog. Please contact us at futurefarming@misset.com

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Exclusively available at Future Farming!




Agrointelligence Robotti generic tool
carrier

  • Manufacturer: Agro Intelligence (Denmark)
  • Robot(s): Robotti 150D
  • Task(s): generic tool carrier with standard 3-point hitch
  • Development start: 2015, research roots go back to 2000
  • Pricing: sells at € 175,000
  • Units active: about 12

Robotti 150D has two Kubota diesel engines. One 75 hp engine is for propulsion and the other 75 hp engine is for the PTO and external hydraulics. Robotti navigates using RTK GPS. In the field it carefully operates according to a plan which the farmer makes using Agrointelli route planning software. The software calculates an optimised route for the field. What makes Robotti unique is that it is in many ways very standard and similar to a tractor. It carries the implement in the centre so that it does not swing and is always stabilised. About a dozen units are currently running in Czech Republic, Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium and in Denmark.
Availability: In 2021 Robotti will be operating in most European countries. They will be sold, leased or rented. Sales prices start at € 175,000. In spring a single-engine 75 hp version, the Robotti 75S, will be launched for € 135,000.
Watch videos here and here.

AgXeed track-based multi-utility
agbot

  • Manufacturer: AgXeed (Netherlands)
  • Robot(s): AgBot
  • Task(s): track-based multi-utility agbot for specialised and standard implements
  • Development start: June 2018
  • Pricing: sells at € 249,500
  • Units active: 1

AgXeed is launching a track-based agbot autonomous tractor for specialised and standard implements designed for category III rear and category II front hitches. Working widths are up to six metres (depending on the type of implement used) and the track width is up to 3.2 metres. The vehicle is powered by a 156 hp four-cylinder Deutz diesel engine that drives an electric generator to power all actuators (drivetrain, PTO, fan, etc.). Navigation and planning takes place via cloud-based software that automatically generates path planning based on the field’s geofences and machine specifications. The biggest advantage is that the AgXeed AgBot can be used straight from the box. No special implements are required, nor special software on your home computer. AgXeed deliver a ready-to-use ecosystem that avoids compacting the soil by providing very low ground pressure of maximum 0.5 kg/cm².
Availability: Initial sales in the Netherlands, Germany, France and the UK. The company is currently discussing several purchase models (sale and lease) with distribution parties. The starting price will be around € 249,500 depending on the options selected. The focus right now is on finalising the current design for pre-series production in 2021.
Watch video here.

Carré Anatis autonomous robot for mechanical weed control

  • Manufacturer: Carré (France)
  • Robot(s): Anatis
  • Task(s): autonomous robot for mechanical weed control
  • Development start: 2015
  • Pricing: sells at € 100,000 – € 140,000
  • Units active: about 10

Anatis is designed to carry implements for mechanical weeding of row crops. The robot is electrically driven by two or four wheel motors and is guided by RTK GPS and an optical camera system to detect plant rows. It has an interchangeable lithium ion battery pack capable of eight hours of autonomous work. The total charging time is 1h 30 mins. The robot can work in open crops and greenhouses. Is has a three-point linkage at the back of the machine for attaching various types of implements. Currently there are around 10 machines in service in France, Belgium and Switzerland.
Availability: The Anatis will be available across Europe in 2021. The price will range from € 100,000 to € 140,000, depending on its specifications such as two or four-wheel drive, camera guidance and other options.

Directed Machines multi-purpose, heavy-duty land care robot

  • Manufacturer: Directed Machines (USA)
  • Robot(s): Land Care Robot
  • Task(s): multi-purpose, heavy-duty land care robot
  • Development start: autumn 2018
  • Pricing: sells at US$ 14,800
  • Units active: a small fleet

The Land Care Robot (LCR) is an autonomous, solar-electric, multi-purpose, heavy-duty land care robot. Using implements attached to the category 1 three-point hitch, it can manually or autonomously mow, haul, groom, plough snow, spray, till, hoe and more. It comes in various configurations (e.g. with tracks and 4WD). The LCR uses a low-cost combination of depth cameras, GPS and IMU and a topological probabilistic model to navigate in dynamic, structured and un-structured environments. It uses user-defined paths and work areas or visual cues to follow a person or peer machine, all controlled by a low-cost Raspberry Pi 4 computer. It has a stainless steel, modular, field-repairable chassis.
Availability: It is available in the USA, Canada and throughout the world.
Watch blackberry clearing and orchard mowing videos.

Ecorobotix Avo autonomous spraying robot

  • Manufacturer: Ecorobotix (Switzerland)
  • Robot(s): Avo
  • Task(s): autonomous spraying robot
  • Development start: 2014
  • Pricing: sells at € 90,000
  • Units active: 5

Solar-battery powered spraying robot Avo is developed for targeted application of herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and fertiliser by camera recognition in row crops, meadows and intercropping cultures. It uses RTK GPS, AI and vision to detect and selectively spray weeds with a micro-dose of herbicide. The centimetre-precise detection and spraying reduces the volume of herbicides used by up to 95%. The most striking detail is the spot spraying technology with up to 24 cm² spray resolution on the ground. There are currently a total of five units active in France, Italy, Germany and Switzerland.
Availability: In 2021 Avo will be tested further and 15 zero series models will follow in 2022 costing around € 90,000. Ecorobotix plans to have another robot on sale in the spring of 2021 but doesn’t want to reveal any details yet.
Watch videos here and here.

Ekobot GEN-2 weed removal robot for row-grown vegetables

  • Manufacturer: Ekobot (Sweden)
  • Robot(s): GEN-2
  • Task(s): weed removal in row-grown vegetables
  • Development start: 2017
  • Pricing: leasing price to be determined
  • Units active: 3

The Ekobot GEN-2 is battery powered and uses a combination of GPS, LiDAR, IMU and vision to navigate in row-grown vegetables. The company says the most striking detail is its ability to remove weeds as close as 1 cm to the crop with no or minimal interference with the crop. Weed removal is done without using chemicals. There are currently three GEN-2 robots being tested in Sweden.
Availability: Pilot installations are planned in the Netherlands and Sweden in 2021.
Watch videos here.

FarmBot Genesis for seeding, feeding and weeding

  • Manufacturer: FarmBot (USA)
  • Robot(s): Genesis v1.5 (XL)
  • Task(s): seeding, watering, weeding, photo scanning and weed detection
  • Development start: 2014
  • Pricing: sells at US$ 2,995 (Genesis) and US$ 4,495 (Genesis XL)
  • Units active: 1,500

The first FarmBot Genesis was produced in 2016 after R&D started in 2014. It is powered by electrical plug-in and currently operates on 1.5 x 3 m plots (Genesis) or 3 x 6 m plots (XL). For navigation it uses a Computer Numerical Controlled (CNC) system and it works the same as a 3D printer and CNC router that has been modified to do gardening operations. The robots are 100% open source so all our engineering design and CAD models and software code is available online for free. Users can design their own tools and custom software. Genesis requires a reliable power and water source and a reliable internet connection.
Availability: It is for sale in 75 countries, mainly in North America (USA, Canada and Mexico) and Europe. FarmBot is currently developing a weed trimmer tool.
Watch videos here and here.

FarmDroid FD20 for fully automatic seeding and weeding

  • Manufacturer: FarmDroid (Denmark)
  • Robot(s): FD20
  • Task(s): fully automatic seeding and weeding
  • Development start: 2011
  • Pricing: sells at € 68,000
  • Units active: >100

The solar battery-powered FarmDroid FD20 performs fully automatic seeding and weeding of various crops between rows and in the row (intra-row). From the seeding process the FD20 knows the position of every seed and therefore knows where it subsequently must weed and, just as importantly, where not to weed. The farmer sets the corner points of the field, creating a geofence for the robot to work within. After setting the number of headlands passes and the direction of the rows, the robot runs on RTK GPS from a base station. The robot does not rely on cameras and never needs charging. Over 100 FD20 robots are active in Austria, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland and they have handled over 1,500 ha of sugar beet, onions, green kale, flowers, spinach, canola and beetroot.
Availability: In 2021 it will also be available in France, Italy, Lithuania and Spain. Currently, dedicated implements and tools are being developed for the FD20.
Watch video here.

Farmertronics eTrac platform for weeding, mowing and spraying

  • Manufacturer: Farmertronics Engineering (Netherlands)
  • Robot(s): eTrac
  • Task(s): unmanned weeding, mowing and spraying
  • Development start: 2013
  • Pricing: sells from € 70,000
  • Units active: 1 prototype

eTrac, which is powered by a Lithium ion battery pack with three batteries, carries out unmanned weeding, mowing and spraying by using standard weeding elements, a standard mowing deck and standard spraying components. The zero-turn robot navigates by sensing the environment with GPS and a 3D sensor (time-of-flight camera) and paths are planned with an Android app on a tablet. It should be able to perform various operations with several types of configurations based on the same vehicle basis. Typical users are vegetable and fruit growers.
Availability: In 2021, eTrac will be sold in the Netherlands and from 2022 in Belgium, France and Germany as well. Prices range from € 70,000 to € 100,000, depending on the battery pack selected (15, 30 or 45 kWh) and the implements included.
Watch video here.

H2Trac EOX-175 fully electrical autonomous tractor

  • Manufacturer: H2Trac (Netherlands)
  • Robot(s): EOX-175
  • Task(s): electrical autonomous tractor
  • Development start: 2014
  • Pricing: sells from € 280,000
  • Units active: 2 prototypes

EOX-175 is a fully electrical tractor that will be made autonomous in 2021. The tractor can do all the work a standard tractor does but it has four-wheel steering and an adjustable track width from 2.25 to 3.25 m, which makes it suitable for various crops and tramline setups including CTF. It is currently powered by batteries with a diesel engine as range extender. EOX-175 navigates per RTK GPS and path planning is software-based on field maps and tramlines.
Availability: H2Trac plans to sell the tractor next year from € 280,000 and will also offer leasing and as a service concept for around € 60 to € 70 per hour, including maintenance/service and software updates. A hydrogen powered version is planned in 2021.

Jacto Arbus 4000 JAV autonomous
sprayer

  • Manufacturer: Jacto Agricultural Machines (Brazil)
  • Robot(s): Arbus 4000 JAV
  • Task(s): autonomous sprayer
  • Development start: 2008
  • Pricing: to be determined
  • Units active: 2

Arbus 4000 JAV is the fourth-generation autonomous sprayer from Jacto. The first version, JAV 1, was introduced in 2010. It is powered by a 132 hp diesel engine and has a hydrostatic transmission. The navigation is based on a two-phase navigation scheme. First, a map is used for planning the operation and then onboard sensors and software are used to deal with any uncertainties, such as obstacles or moving objects. The most striking details are its steering system and path-planning algorithm.
Availability: Arbus 4000 JAV is expected to be available as a service for citrus crops and silviculture (forestry) in 2021. And apart from the two existing units, two more will be built next year. The price is still to be determined.
Watch video here.

Kilter AX-1 detects and eliminates weeds in row crops

  • Manufacturer: Kilter (Norway)
  • Robot(s): AX-1
  • Task(s): detect and eliminate weeds in row crops
  • Development start: 2010
  • Pricing: to be determined
  • Units active: 4

Description: AX-1 is a hybrid robot from Kilter which will be a spin-off from the Adigo AS in 2021. It was developed to recognise weeds in row crops with vision and to eliminate them by precision application of herbicides. It uses RTK GPS and vision technology for navigation and as a most striking detail it can spray micro-droplets of herbicide with millimetre precision. The AX-1 is one of various robot projects from Kilter and there are currently four active in Norway. The project is supported by the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme among others.
Availability: The company plans to sell the robot in Germany and Norway in 2021 for a price that is still to be determined.
Watch video here.

Korechi RoamIO robots for vineyards, orchards and vegetable production

  • Manufacturer: Korechi Innovations (Canada)
  • Robot(s): RoamIO
  • Task(s): tracked robots for vineyards, orchards and vegetable production
  • Development start: 2016
  • Pricing: to be determined
  • Units active: 2

RoamIO is a battery powered field-programmable tracked robot for vineyards, orchards and vegetable production designed to automate tasks such as mowing, weeding, seed and fertiliser dispersal, harvest assistance, yield estimation, disease detection and fumigation. It can also be equipped with an on-board electrical generator. Users can plan and command tasks via a tablet and the robot has integrated path planning software. They can also design and integrate their own implements to work with RoamIO. There are currently two units working in Ontario.
Availability: It will be for sale and lease in Canada and in the USA in 2021. Korechi are currently developing various implements for use in vineyards and orchards.
Watch videos here and here.

Monarch Tractor fully electric,
driver-optional
smart tractor

  • Manufacturer: Monarch Tractor (USA)
  • Robot(s): Monarch Tractor
  • Task(s): fully electric, driver-optional smart tractor
  • Development start: 2014
  • Pricing: sells from US$ 50,000
  • Units active: unknown

The battery-powered Monarch Tractor is a fully electric, robust tractor platform with a category I three-point hitch and a 540 rpm PTO. It does everything that a traditional tractor can do and there is room for a person to drive it. Sensors and imaging are processed to provide critical data points that can be used for yield estimates, current growth stages, and other plant/crop health metrics. For navigation it uses eight cameras and sensors. The development began as a USAID project at sister company Motivo Engineering in 2014.
Availability: The robot tractor will be launched in December this year and the company will be accepting deposits for first deliveries in the fourth quarter of 2021.

Naïo Oz mechanical weeding
robot and
farmhand

  • Manufacturer: Naïo Technologies (France)
  • Robot(s): Oz
  • Task(s): mechanical weeding robot and farmhand
  • Development start: 2014
  • Pricing: sells from € 9,995
  • Units active: 119

The Oz is the first robot developed by Naïo. This small LeFePo4 lithium battery-powered electrically driven robot can be used as a farmhand and robot for many tasks such as seeding and planting, open furrow ploughing and mechanical weeding. The small robot weighs just 180 kg and for navigation it uses either cameras and/or RTK GPS following reference waypoints created in the field. A LiDAR sensor detect obstacles and moving objects.
Availability: Oz is available worldwide and there are currently 119 units sold, especially in Europe, USA, Canada and Japan. Prices range from € 9,995 to € 30,000, depending on the technology, equipment and support required. You can also lease the Oz or ask for a quote for weeding as a service.
Watch videos here and here.

Naïo Dino mechanical weeding and cultivation robot

  • Manufacturer: Naïo Technologies (France)
  • Robot(s): Dino
  • Task(s): mechanical weeding and cultivation
  • Development start: 2016
  • Pricing: sells from € 110,000
  • Units active: 23

The Naïo Dino is a follow-up to the Oz and is quite a bit larger and heavier (800 kg), also powered by LeFePo4 lithium batteries. The robot is mainly intended to help growers of leafy green vegetables to manage weeds between rows, and soon also within rows between plants. It uses RTK GPS and cameras for crop and weed detection.
Availability: The Dino is for sale worldwide starting at € 110,000 and you can also lease it or buy it as a service. so far, 23 units have been sold.
Watch videos here and here.

Naïo Ted mechanical weeding and cultivation vineyard robot

  • Manufacturer: Naïo Technologies (France)
  • Robot(s): Ted
  • Task(s): mechanical weeding and cultivation in vineyards
  • Development start: 2018
  • Pricing: sells from € 125,000
  • Units active: 19

The Ted − the latest development from Naïo − debuted in 2018. It shares its technology and driveline with the Dino, yet it resembles a straddle tractor for use in vineyards. It can work up to 10 hours per day with fully loaded batteries. The Ted uses ultrasonic sensors to detect obstacles in vine rows, to decrease speed and – if necessary – to stop. It also has mechanical probes on its tools to ensure crop safety. A new version was recently introduced.
Availability: A total of 19 Teds have so far been sold and it is also available for leasing and for weeding as a service.
Watch videos here and here.

The Odd.Bot Weed Whacker mechanically eliminates weeds

  • Manufacturer: Odd.Bot (Netherlands)
  • Robot(s): Weed Whacker
  • Task(s): mechanical in-row weeding and seeding
  • Development start: September 2018
  • Pricing: to be determined
  • Units active: 1 prototype

The Weed Whacker initially started out with a small three-wheel frame and a delta arm to whack (smaller) weeds in order to eliminate them. The latest developments include a solar electrical drive line and RTK GPS and computer vision for navigation. The main focus is on mechanical in-row weeding from shortly after the sprouting stage of all types of crops and even seeding crops. A lot of effort has gone into algorithms for weed recognition with the ultimate goal of distinguishing chamomile from carrots. Its most striking detail is the 3-in-1 gripper and pusher that can both whack weeds and pull or scoop out larger weeds.
Availability: Weed Whacker pilots will be available in 2021 as a service in the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. Eight commercial units are planned for 2022 and Odd.Bot aims to have 1,000 units active in European fields by 2025.

Pixelfarming Robot One for chemical-free weed control

  • Manufacturer: Pixelfarming Robotics (Netherlands)
  • Robot(s): Robot One
  • Task(s): chemical-free weed control
  • Development start: 2017
  • Pricing: sells from € 185,000
  • Units active: 1 prototype

Pixelfarming Robotics is working on a range of robots for pixel farming. The initial robot was developed in 2017, followed by Robot Zero in 2018 and Robot One in 2019. It is electrically powered with solar power panels on the roof and the solar energy is stored in lithium batteries. It weighs about 1,100 kg and uses FPRS as management software in which both routes and tasks are planned and assigned to one or more robots. The robot performs tasks autonomously and navigates along assigned routes using GPS, vision and waypoints. It uses multiple (a maximum of ten) individually controlled robotic arms. Crop recognition with 3D cameras is used to select specific tasks. Robot Pixie is planned as an assistant supply robot for Robot One in 2022.
Availability: In 2021, Robot One will be available in the Netherlands and Europe for € 185,000 or as a service for € 995 per day.
Watch video here.

Raven Dot fully automated U-shaped power platform

  • Manufacturer: Raven Industries (USA)
  • Robot(s): Dot
  • Task(s): automated platform unit to seed, spread and spray crops
  • Development start: 2017
  • Pricing: sells from $ 700,000
  • Units active: 11

In 2019 Raven Industries acquired Canadian Dot Technology Corp. to accelerate its autonomy offering. Dot is a fully automated U-shaped cab-less power platform with a 173 hp diesel engine with the ability to seed, spread and spray crops. Implements built by selected companies are attached to the U-shape platform. For navigation, it uses Raven proprietary path planning and job execution software. With a seeder attached, Dot is capable of operating at 4.5 to 5 mph. Spraying and spreading can be done at 8 to 10 miles per hour.
Availability: Global availability is forecast for late 2021. The $ 700,000 price tag includes a SeedMaster Ultra DSR seeder, New Leader’s NL5000 G5 spreader and a Pattison Connect PLU S120 sprayer.
Watch video here.

Rivi Pietro PothaFacile for cutting and collecting young plants

  • Manufacturer: Rivi Pietro (Italy)
  • Robot(s): PothaFacile
  • Task(s): cutting and collecting young plants in nurseries
  • Development start: 2019
  • Pricing: to be determined
  • Units active: 1 prototype

PothaFacile is currently powered by LiFePo4 lithium batteries that guarantee autonomous operation for 18 to 20 km. Increased autonomy can be achieved by adding solar panels to feed blades for trimming in open fields. The idea is to standardise uniformity and savings when trimming phase young plants and to replace many workers. For navigation, Rivi Pietro is considering multiple solutions including GPS and laser tracking in open fields and wire-guided or radio-frequency systems in greenhouses. The machine has a movable trolley with mechanical registers that make it possible to adjust the cutting height for any type of plant. There is currently a prototype and field testing is planned for the first half of 2021.
Availability: not yet
Watch video here.

FarmWise Titan FT-35 automated mechanical weeder for vegetables

  • Manufacturer: FarmWise (USA)
  • Robot(s): Titan FT-35
  • Task(s): automated mechanical weeder for vegetables
  • Development start: 2019
  • Pricing: undisclosed
  • Units active: a dozen

Titan is an automated diesel engine powered mechanical weeder for vegetables that distinguishes vegetable crops from harmful weeds using computer vision and removes weeds with mechanical tools. This is FarmWise’s third and latest robot generation and it was brought to market in April 2020. It uses cameras and sensors for navigation and removes 95% of all weeds with surgical accuracy while leaving vegetables untouched.
Availability: A dozen units are currently deployed on a service basis in California and Arizona and next year the robot will be available throughout the USA. FarmWise doesn’t want to disclose the pricing of its use as a service model.
Watch video here.

Sitia Trektor for vineyard, market garden and tree crops

  • Manufacturer: Sitia (France)
  • Robot(s): Trektor
  • Task(s): hybrid autonomous robot tractor
  • Development start: 2014
  • Pricing: sells from € 200,000
  • Units active: unknown

Trektor is a hybrid robot tractor with a 25 hp diesel engine designed for attaching existing implements to work in crops such as those in vineyards, market gardens, vegetable plots and arboriculture. It can perform repetitive tasks such as soil cultivation, spraying and hoeing. Trektor has an adjustable track width and ground clearance to adapt to various crops and stages of growth. Navigation is based on RTK GPS and high-resolution odometry. In addition, there is LiDAR and camera survey, obstacle detection and passive safety. The hybrid technology allows for 24 hours of autonomous work.
Availability: In France, the first units were sold in 2019 and 2020 and next year Sitia plans to build up a global distribution and service network. Trektor prices start at € 200,000.
Watch video here.

Small Robot Company Dick non-chemical weeding robot

  • Manufacturer: Small Robot Company (United Kingdom)
  • Robot(s): Dick
  • Task(s): non-chemical weeding robot
  • Development start: unknown
  • Pricing: unknown
  • Units active: unknown

Small Robot Company (SRC) aims to reimagine farming through per plant farming with robots that will seed, feed and weed the world’s main arable crops autonomously. The first priority is non-chemical weeding to eliminate herbicides. The robots are battery powered and weigh no more than 300 kg. Dick uses electricity to kill weeds with the Rootwave weed-zapping technology. It provides precision, per-plant weeding both at scale and autonomously. It is a 1.8 metre-square spider-shaped robot with an arachnid, four-legged design that folds in for transport and will soon be able to carry up to a one-tonne payload.
Availability: commercial service starts in autumn 2021. SRC is also working on spot applications for diseases and pests such as slugs.
Watch video here.

Small Robot Company Tom multisensory monitoring robot

  • Manufacturer: Small Robot Company (United Kingdom)
  • Robot(s): Tom
  • Task(s): multisensory monitoring robot
  • Development start: unknown
  • Pricing: unknown
  • Units active: unknown

Tom is a multisensory monitoring robot, which uses six 5K RGB cameras to scan for weeds as well as hyperspectral cameras to detect problems such as slugs. It can also detect gases to check soil health. Tom, which weighs about 200 kg, is the first commercially active robot from SRC for weed mapping. In 2021 Rootwave weed-zapping technology will also be available as well as automated soil sampling using a probe. Microphones and additional sensors will also be added to ‘listen’ for birds, insects and wildlife, to give farmers a biodiversity index. Initially it will focus on broad-leaved weeds, but grass-type weeds such as blackgrass will follow later.
Availability: Priced at £15 per hectare, the service will also map emergent wheat. It can cover up to 20 ha per day.

SwarmFarm Robotics SwarmBot 5 robot platform

  • Manufacturer: SwarmFarm Robotics (Australia)
  • Robot(s): SwarmBot 5
  • Task(s): robot platform for horticulture, orchard and large-scale agriculture applications
  • Development start: 2012
  • Pricing: leasing from US$ 4,100/month
  • Units active: 10

SwarmBot 5 is a robot platform currently powered with a diesel engine. Electric drive is being explored for specific applications. The robots are built as a base platform and together with third-party developers, apps and attachments are designed through a developer ecosystem. This includes spray booms, weed detection systems, mower decks and slashers, non-chemical weeding technology, planters and apple tree thinning systems. SwarmBot navigates via GPS and inertial systems. GPS denied navigation is due to be released soon. Path planning includes a return-to-refill location feature.
Availability: Operating leases for US$ 4,100 per month with a three-year commitment. Oversees deployments are planned for the third quarter of 2021.
Watch videos here and here.

TerraClear semi-autonomous
rock picker

  • Manufacturer: TerraClear (USA)
  • Robot(s): Rock picker
  • Task(s): semi-autonomous rock picking
  • Development start: January 2018
  • Pricing: as a service from US$ 150/hour
  • Units active: a few prototypes

TerraClear’s semi-autonomous rock picker attaches to the front-end loader on a utility tractor or the mount-plate on a skid steer. For now, someone needs to drives the machine on the optimised route provided. Computer vision and AI identify rocks and control the mechanism which locates and places the rocks into a bucket. The final concept that is currently in early development will be fully autonomous. It will navigate and plan the picking either using an optimised route based on a map or will scout for rocks in a standard pattern using computer vision.
Availability: TerraClear will start in Idaho and the Pacific Northwest of the USA, followed by the rest of the USA and Canada. Initially priced at US$ 150 per hour during the beta launch in Idaho.
Watch video here.

VitiBot Bakus for full mechanical
soil work

  • Manufacturer: VitiBot (France)
  • Robot(s): Bakus P75S/P75L
  • Task(s): full mechanical soil work
  • Development start: January 2017
  • Pricing: sells from € 125,000
  • Units active: unknown

Bakus is a viticultural straddle robot that integrates a wide range of modular tools for efficient mechanical soil work in vineyards. The robot is fully electric and uses two RTK GPS receivers to navigate and two inertial control units to detect unusual changes in topography that might cause Bakus to slow down and/or stop. The robot is equipped with eight 3D cameras and twelve RGB cameras and can work for 10 hours autonomously with its four Lithium Ion batteries providing 75 kWh.
Availability: Currently only available for sale, lease and as a service in France. There are plans to introduce it in Austria, Australia, Italy, Spain and the United States in 2021, and worldwide in 2022. Future developments include a confined spraying system.
Watch videos here and here.

Vitirover fleet of autonomous robots for weeding

  • Manufacturer: Vitirover (France)
  • Robot(s): Vitirover
  • Task(s): fleets of autonomous robots for weeding
  • Development start: 2011
  • Pricing: as a service from € 3,000/ha/year
  • Units active: 110

Vitirover offers a fleet of solar and lithium ion battery-powered autonomous robots for weeding in agriculture. The robots use GPS and AI to navigate and are deployed on plots during the growing season. A shepherd/supervisor unit is connected to all the robots (maximum 50 per shepherd) and this supervises the herd, intervening remotely if necessary – for instance for remote maintenance or when entering a new plot or polygon on a map. There are currently 110 units active in France, Belgium and Austria.
Availability: Vitirover is provided as a service per maintained hectare, for a cost of € 3,000/ha/year. Next developments include a version that is able to work on slopes up to 45% and a version that can manage hectares with over 10,000 obstacles per hectare (vine trees for instance).
Watch video here.

Webull Tank unmanned orchard management machine

  • Manufacturer: Webull Intelligent Technology (China)
  • Robot(s): Tank
  • Task(s): unmanned orchard management machine
  • Development start: 2017
  • Pricing: sells from US$ 29,999
  • Units active: 21

Description: Webull Tank is a 600 kg unmanned orchard management robot with a crawler-type chassis and a 900-litre water tank. It is powered by lithium batteries and has an electrical drive train capable of speeds up to 6 km/h. It can not only be used for spraying, but also for mowing, transportation and collecting data in orchards. It navigates by fusion inertial navigation and RTK GPS and integrated sensors including vision and ultrasonic radar. Path and task planning are done in an online portal after which the farmer sends the plan to the robot.
Availability: Currently being tested in China and in 2021, the Webull Tank will be available for sale in Australia, Italy, Russia, Thailand and the United States from US$ 29,999.
Watch video here.

Agrobot Bug Vacuum robot for lygus pest control

  • Manufacturer: Agrobot (Spain)
  • Robot(s): Bug Vacuum
  • Development start: 2017
  • Pricing: sells at US$ 86,000
  • Units active: a few in California

The Bug Vacuum robot is an autonomous vacuum robot with a combustion engine for lygus pest control that navigates reactively across the field. The farmer just has to transport it to the kick-off point and select ‘automatic mode’. The robot detects bed furrows as guidance references as long as it is within the row. Once furrows end, the navigation controller decides on the next move: cross to the next row, turn around or finish the routine.
Availability: The Bug Vacuum robot is currently available in California and in Europe.
Watch videos here and here.

Elatec E-Tract tool-carrying robot

  • Manufacturer:Elatec (France)
  • Robot(s): E-Tract
  • Task(s): generic tool carrier with standard 3-point hitch
  • Development start: 2018
  • Pricing: sells at € 65,000
  • Units active: 2
  • Availability: France, The Netherlands

The E-Tract is a generic tool-carrying robot with two positions for attaching implements. It has a triangle in the centre and standard 3-point category 1 hitch at the rear. You can thus attach standard implements that are generally used in vegetable cultivation for for instance mechanical weeding, spraying and phenotyping. The robot is electrically driven and runs entirely on lithium batteries. For guidance and navigation it uses either a colour and 3D camera or cameras and RTK-gps. The implement position in the centre enables optimal control of the working depth of for instance a hoeing machine. Since mid-2019, two E-Tracts are being tested in France at the test centre for fruits and vegetables (CTIFL) for spraying and hoeing and this year it will be for sale in France and in The Netherlands priced from €65,000.

Watch video here.

PeK Automotive Slopehelper multifunctional vineyard and orchard robot

  • Manufacturer: PeK Automotive (Slovenia)
  • Robot(s): Slopehelper
  • Task(s): multifunctional vineyard and orchard robot
  • Development start: 2019
  • Pricing: $73,000 to $160,000, leasing also available
  • Units active: undisclosed
  • Availability: Europe

The nature of Slopehelper’s autonomous activities partly already is in its name: providing growers with a multifunctional robot for any activity in vineyards and orchards. This ranges from spraying and fertiliser application to trimming, mulching, HV cutting, deleafing and harvesting. The robot is electrically driven, fully runs on lithium batteries and can handle slopes in any direction of up to 45 degrees, traveling at maximum speeds of 10 km/h (6 mph) and up to 14 hours on a single charge. Its body is sealed and waterproof. It uses differential GNSS and onetime advance geo marking of the field for navigation. Slopehelper is able to autonomously determine the end of the row and perform an autonomous U-turn for the next row. It incorporates an auto-balancing central cargo platform ensuring that the centre of mass is always within the vehicle’s dimensions. Slopehelper is for sale in Europe starting from $73,000 and is also available for lease.

Watch videos here, here and here.